Silk Screen Printing is a lttle bit intimidating at first, but it’s easier than it looks and it’s really possible to set up a printing images area in your own home for cheap. We will show you how you can do it with a minimum amount of materials.
The basic idea behind silk screening is pretty simple and works similar to a stencil. Rather than cutting away shapes individually, you layer a screen in image emulsion, then cut an image out by using a light. The video above strolls you through the process, but let’s go into more detail, starting with the supplies you need.
Set Up a Silk screen Shop at home
Initially things first, you need to get your items in order. Here’s what you need:
- Screen and frame (you should purchase these separately at an area artistry store or obtain a body and screen like here for $14).
- Photo emulsion and sensitizer ($20).
- A 250 watt bulb ($4)
- Latex gloves.
- A message black room (closets work fine).
- A t-shirt.
- Squeegee ($14).
- Silk Screen Textile Ink ($5).
- Small bit of cardboard (that can fit inside the shirt).
The first step: Create The Image
For your first attempt, start with something simple without a whole lot of thin lines. A standard silhouette using Photoshop is a simple best option. You desire a solid black image because its main goal is to block the sunshine. The image you pick will be burnt off into the emulsion in coordination four. Once you select an image, produce it out on the laserlight printer onto transparency newspaper (if you don’t are interested a box of transparencies most copy retailers copy onto an openness for approximately a dollar).
Step 2: Coat the Display in Emulsion
The emulsion comes in two parts: the sensitizer and the emulsion. Mix them collectively based on the directions on the bottle. Lay down your screen on a trash bag. Pour a little of the emulsion blend on the screen and spread it out on the screen with the squeegee. The emulsion should cover a slightly much larger area than the image you want to printing. If you need to, do the process again until the screen is coated and you aren’t see through it. You want a thin, even layer across the complete screen.
Leave the display in a pitch dark-colored room for 2 several hours until it’s dry.
Step 3: Expose the Graphic on the Screen
Really the perfect time to expose the display to the light. On that same pitch dark room (don’t switch on the light yet), lay down a black cloth or board. Lay down the screen and frame with the screen side down on top of the black surface. Then put the transparency with your image on it on the screen where the photography emulsion is. Record the transparancy down with scotch tape or place a piece of a glass about this.
Move your light so it is about one to two feet above from the screen. Angle a lamp with the two hundred fifity watt bulb at the transparency with your image on it and leave the room. A workplace lamp is ideal for this, but if you no longer have one, create a reflector out of jar foil and place it above the lamp to reflect light down. Perform not turn on some other lights. Wait for about a quarter of an hour. Return to the room and carefully pull up the openness. You must see pass out blue lines where the image is burned into the screen. If it looks good, it’s time to clean it off. If not, leave it a few more minutes and check back. Overexposure will make the hemorrhage, so be careful.
Step 4: Clean the Display
Spray your screen down with cold water from a hose, sink, or shower head. Notice how the section where your image is begins to flake off? Continue bringing out it until you can see through your image clearly. Hold the display screen to the light to make certain it looks the same as your transparency. Let the display screen dry. Once it’s dry out, cover any exposed areas of the screen (where you cannot find any picture emulsion or your image) with tape.
Step 5: Print!
Place your shirt out on a set surface. Products a square piece of cardboard inside the tee shirt underneath the area you want to print on. Lay the screen in the shirt with the design where you want them to print it.
Put a tiny amount of printer horizontally across the top of the screen. Take on your squeegee and make one smooth movement down the screen, exerting strong pressure (if this is your first time, it can a good idea to achieve that on a scrap paper before printing on your shirt). Run the squeegee up, down, left, and right a couple times to push all the ink through onto the shirt.
Lift the display up, pull the card out (carefully), and most likely done. If you want to make certain the image supports on the shirt for a long time, chuck the shirt in the oven on 400 level for about half a minute.
Step 6: Clean-up
Screen printing ink dries really quick, so as soon as you’re done printing shirts, wash the ink off the display screen so you can utilize it again in the future. If you want to print a completely different image, you can use an emulsion remover like this to wipe the screen clean so you can reuse the cloth and frame.
Screen stamping can take a while to get used to. While you practice you learn the exact timing for exposure, the amount of pressure necessary to push the ink through, and other little quirks. Once you get used to how it works, bumping your designs up to two or three colors just isn’t difficult. While many retailers have large machines that handle screen printing, it can just as easy to do at home as long as you’re willing to have patience. Have some tips of your own you want to share? Appear off in the feedback.